Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language. It is the official language of Maharashtra and Goa states of India and is one of the 23 Official languages of India. There were 73 million speakers in 2001: Marathi has the fourth largest number of native speakers in India. The major dialects of Marathi are called standard Marathi and Warahadi Marathi. Standard Marathi is the official language of the state of Maharashtra.There are a few other sub-dialects, such as Ahirani,Dangi, Vadvali, Samvedi Khandeshi, and Malvani.
The Marathi language was earlier known as Maharashtri, Maharathi, Malhatee or Marthi in ancient times. Marathi is at least fifteen hundred years old, and derives its grammar and syntax from Pali and Prakrit. Marathi has some of the oldest litrature of all modern Indo-Aryan languages, dating from about 1000 AD. It has a rich and glorious literary tradition with Saints like Dnyaneshwar, Namdeo, Eknath and Tukaram adding to the beauty of the language with their spiritual poems called 'Abhang'. In modern times, stalwarts of Marathi literature like V.S. Khandekar, V. V. Shirwadkar (Kusumagraj), V. D. Karandikar and Bhalchandra Nemade have been awarded the 'Dnyanpeeth' award, the highest literary honour given in India.
Marathi is a compulsory subject in the MPSC competitive exams held by state Govet.of Maharashtra.